LONDON — British Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Tuesday denied misleading Parliament about lockdown-breaching parties, as senior government ministers said he would have to resign if he is proven to have lied.
Former Johnson aide Dominic Cummings has said he is willing to "swear under oath" that the prime minister was warned in advance that a May 2020 garden party for Downing Street staff would violate coronavirus restrictions.
Johnson told Parliament last week that he had attended the event, billed as a "bring your own booze" gathering in an invitation sent to 100 people by his principal private secretary. But Johnson said he considered it a work gathering that fell within the rules.
"I'm absolutely categorical, nobody said to me, 'This is an event that is against the rules,' " Johnson said Tuesday.
"When I went out into that garden I thought that I was attending a work event," Johnson told broadcasters during a visit to staff at a London hospital.
The garden party is one of a string of alleged rule-flouting government parties by Conservatives that have sparked calls for Johnson's resignation and are being investigated by senior civil servant Sue Gray.
Gray is due to report by the end of the month on claims that government staff held late-night soirees, boozy parties and "wine time Fridays" while Britain was under coronavirus restrictions in 2020 and 2021. The allegations have spawned public anger, incredulity and mockery, and prompted some in the governing Conservative Party to call for Johnson's resignation.
Treasury chief Rishi Sunak — often cited as a potential successor to Johnson as prime minister — said he believed Johnson's explanation. But he said that "the Ministerial Code is clear" about the consequences of misleading Parliament. Ministers who do that are expected to resign.
Deputy Prime Minister Dominic Raab agreed that deliberately lying to Parliament was "normally ... a resigning matter." But he dismissed Cummings' claim that Johnson was warned about the party as "nonsense."
Cummings, an architect of the victorious 2016 referendum campaign for Britain to leave the European Union, left Downing Street in late 2020 and has become a vociferous critic of the prime minister he helped put in office.
Johnson's spokesman, Max Blain, said the prime minister supported the rules in the Ministerial Code "when it comes to knowingly misleading the House."
Johnson's political fate may rest on the word "knowingly." In his carefully worded apologies over the allegations, Johnson has acknowledged "misjudgments" but not admitted personal rule-breaking.
He expressed regret Tuesday for a Downing Street staff party held the night before Prince Philip's funeral in April 2021. The widowed Queen Elizabeth II sat alone at the church service for her 99-year-old husband to adhere to social distancing rules.
Johnson's office has apologized to Buckingham Palace over the party.
"I deeply and bitterly regret that that happened," Johnson said Tuesday. "I can only renew my apologies both to Her Majesty and to the country for misjudgments that were made, and for which I take full responsibility."
Johnson has urged his opponents to wait for Gray's verdict, though experts say there is a good chance it will neither exonerate him nor conclude he broke the law.
Meanwhile, Conservatives are watching nervously as the "partygate" revelations hit their popularity, with recent opinion polls giving the main opposition Labour Party a double-digit lead.
Under Conservative rules, a no-confidence vote in the party's leader can be triggered if 54 party lawmakers write letters demanding it. It's unclear how many have already been submitted, and so far only a handful of Conservative members of Parliament have openly called for Johnson to quit.