President Biden has signed a short-term funding bill, avoiding a partial government shutdown that would have begun at midnight.
The Senate and House sprinted Thursday afternoon to pass the legislation, which will keep the government funded through Dec. 3.
The bill also includes $28.6 billion for communities hit by natural disasters over the past 18 months and $6.3 billion to help support resettlement for Afghan refugees.
The House vote was 254-175. The Senate OK'd the legislation, 65-35, about two hours before House passage.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., had said she expected strong support from both parties. A few dozen Republicans crossed the aisle to vote with Democrats.
Any good feelings and bipartisanship from the vote aren't expected to extend to other pressing legislation, such as addressing the debt limit.
Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., has insisted that Republicans will not help Democrats pass any legislation to increase the federal borrowing cap. The Treasury Department estimates the federal government is at risk of default if Congress does not act in the next few weeks.
"As I've explained since July, Democrats need to begin the fast-track process for handling that issue through reconciliation," McConnell said on the Senate floor. "Clumsy attempts at partisan jams by the majority will not change that reality."
Democrats are also facing divisions within their own party that threaten to derail the vast majority of Biden's domestic agenda.
The House is scheduled to vote Thursday on a $1 trillion bipartisan infrastructure bill, but leaders must first overcome a serious rift between centrist and progressive Democrats. Progressives are insisting they will not vote for the bipartisan bill without an agreement on a separate multitrillion-dollar social spending package.
Moderate Democrats have said they do not support the top-line figure of $3.5 trillion. Sen. Joe Manchin, D-W.Va., reiterated Thursday that he's willing to go as high as $1.5 trillion.
"I'm willing to sit down and work through that $1.5 [trillion] to get our priorities," Manchin said.
He added that if other Democrats want to do more than that they can campaign on it and do it later. "I think there is many ways to get to where they want to, just not everything at one time."
Democrats need to be in near-unanimous agreement for either bill to pass.
Pelosi told reporters she is still negotiating with both sides. And she offered an upbeat assessment when asked if she still plans to hold the vote.
"I'm only envisioning taking it up and winning it," Pelosi said. "I do not plan on not doing anything. I plan on moving forward in a positive way."