Customs and Border Protection says about 4,000 Bahamians have evacuated to the U.S. since Hurricane Dorian struck the islands earlier this month. Many of them landed in Florida, less than 100 miles away.
Despite the closeness, for many Bahamians, getting here isn't easy. And those who are here are face an uncertain future.
Kendieth Russell Roberts knows she's one of the lucky ones. She lost at least seven members of her extended family in Dorian. After weathering the storm — one of the strongest hurricanes ever recorded in the Atlantic — she and her 5-year-old son Malachai are safe and living with her sister in Pembroke Pines, Fla.
Roberts is from Freeport on Grand Bahama Island and her neighborhood flooded badly in the hurricane.
"The water came up to 25 feet, 33 feet some areas," she says. "When you go in the yards, you see the homes and the kids' toys in the yard. And you see the beds and the furniture. It's just so sad."
Roberts and her husband had been through other hurricanes and thought they were ready, but Dorian was unlike anything they'd ever experienced.
"We knew a hurricane was coming, but we didn't expect that," she says. "It just blew, and rain and flood for like, 50 hours. That was insane."
With the intense wind and rain, no power, limited water and food, Roberts says the storm was hard on everyone. But it was traumatic for her son.
"It's hard explaining to him that the hurricane is doing it," she says. "He was literally having anxiety attacks, literally. Like panic and breaking down."
Roberts and her son were able to get one of the first vessels out from Freeport after the storm, a cruise ship that ferried more than a thousand Bahamians to Florida. Her husband was forced to remain behind because he didn't have the proper documents.
Kendieth Russell Roberts' sister, Donette Russell Love, is an immigration lawyer with a lot of Bahamian clients. She says U.S. immigration restrictions have made it difficult for many Bahamians to come here even temporarily after the hurricane.
Under a long-standing agreement, Bahamians don't need a visa to take a commercial flight to the U.S., just a passport and a police document showing they don't have a criminal record. But with the airport closed on Grand Bahama, the only way off the island now is by boat, and Love says, under the current rules that means Bahamians first have to go to U.S. embassy in Nassau to get a visa.
"So all the free boat rides that they're given, they can't benefit from them," Love says. "They can be living on a raft and they can't benefit from them because they don't have a visa."
Love says in Nassau, many of her clients, even those with the proper documents, increasingly are having trouble getting cleared to fly to the U.S. A Customs and Border Protection spokesman says the number of Bahamians rejected for clearance in Nassau isn't immediately available.
For those who have arrived in the U.S., the first question is how long can they stay? Many are receiving six month visitor's visas. Some arrivals recently told The Miami Herald they've been told they can stay just two weeks.
Love says many Bahamians, like her sister, come here for their children.
"The big thing for a lot of parents is that the schools are all closed on the islands," she says. "And they're fighting to find another way for their children."
The main concern Love is hearing from her clients is that they want authorization to work while they're here. So far, there is no sign the federal government is going to allow that.
"They want to be able to pay their own bills. They want to take care of themselves. That's what they want. They're not asking for charity. They're not asking where the welfare office is. They want to know, how can I work?" Love says.
Kendieth Russell Roberts is focused on getting her son settled. He's a first grader, just finishing his second week in his new school in Florida. But he still worries about Dorian and what it did to his home.
"I talk to him a lot and he keeps saying, 'Mommy, I don't want to go to that city right now, I don't want to go to that city,'" she says.
Roberts bears her own scars from Dorian. Asked if she'll return eventually, she says, "The Bahamas is a great place, but bad things happened. For right now, I'm good."
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